Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu competition often called the competition of lights. It is without doubt one of the main Hindu festivals or maybe the largest one by way of power and participation. It’s a pan-Indian competition, which additionally entails the participation of non-Hindus. And Diwali 2023 celebrations promise to be one in every of excessive power and keenness because the darkish days of the lethal pandemic turn out to be a glitch within the distant previous.
The time period Deepavali or Diwali actually means assortment or row of lights; derived from the Sanskrit phrases ‘deep’, which suggests lamp, and ‘avali’, which suggests a row or array. Using clay lamps (diya or deep) is a salient function of this competition. This Hindu competition of lights is named Diwali in North India and Deepavali in South India. It symbolises the victory of righteousness and the lifting of religious darkness.
Diwali is undoubtedly the largest Hindu competition by way of zest and participation. In lots of locations, it’s a competition lasting 4 to 5 days, amongst which the third day is taken into account the principle competition day. The Diwali celebrations could be witnessed throughout India and in numerous components of the world.
When is Diwali 2023 in India?
As per the Hindu calendar, Diwali is noticed on Amavasya (New Moon Day) of the month of Kartik.
In 2023, Diwali falls on November 12 all around the nation
The Amavasya Tithi begins on November 12 at 02:45 pm and ends on November 13 at 02:57 pm.
Diwali 2023 Particular days
- Day 1, Trayodashi (November 10, Friday):
Dhanteras (Dhantrayodashi), Dhanvantari Trayodashi and Yama Deepam.
- Day 2, Chaturdashi (November 11, Saturday):
Narak Chaturdashi, choti diwali
- Day 3, Amavasya (November 12, Sunday):
Diwali/Deepavali, Lakshmi Puja, Kali Puja, Kedar Gauri Vrat, Chopda Puja, Sharda Puja and many others.
- Day 4, Pratipada (November 13, Monday):
Govardhan Puja/Annakut, Bali Pratipada, Dyuta Krida and Gujarati New Yr
- Day 5, Dwitiya (November 14, Tuesday):
Bhai Dooj, Bhau Beej and Yama Dwitiya
The competition of lights ‘Diwali’ is an auspicious event celebrating the triumph of sunshine over darkness, good over evil and hope over despair. Yearly in October or November, thousands and thousands of Hindus, Sikhs, and Jains the world over observe Diwali with five-day lengthy festivities. It’s an important vacation of the yr in most components of India.
The lighting of diyas is the salient function of Diwali. The opposite observations embrace lighting fireworks, making Rangolis, making ready sweets, shopping for new garments, organising get-togethers and many others. On the night time of Diwali, the homes, temples, streets, retailers and workplaces get illuminated with an array of oil lamps. All these lights remove darkness, and the prayers and celebrations create an environment of affection, happiness, purity and compassion.
In lots of areas in India, Diwali is a competition lasting 4 to 5 days, the peak of which is well known on the third day (Amavasya/New Moon day), coinciding with the darkest night time of the yr.
First Day of Diwali: Trayodashi (thirteenth lunar section)
The primary day of Diwali is well known as Dhanteras or Dhanatrayodashi, which is a competition of wealth. On at the present time, folks clear their homes, lay ground decorations resembling Rangoli, place diyas or tea lights on entryways and balconies and buy kitchen utensils. The observations additionally embrace some pujas and rituals. The enterprise folks worship their treasuries, and Ayurvedic practitioners worship Dhanvantari deity on at the present time.
Second Day of Diwali: Chaturdashi (14th lunar section)
Today is named Naraka Chaturdashi, which is believed to be the day wherein Sri Krishna slew the evil demon Narakasur. In North India, at the present time is named Choti Diwali (small Diwali), the day earlier than the principle celebrations. The observations of at the present time embrace making ready sweets and exchanging them with the expensive ones and adorning flooring with Rangolis. In South India, the key Deepavali celebrations are noticed on this night time.
Third Day of Diwali: Amavasya (New Moon)
The most important Diwali celebrations happen on at the present time in most components of India – western, central, japanese, and northern areas. The lighting of diyas, fireworks show, change of sweets, get-togethers and all different celebrations are the best on this night time which can also be the darkest night time of the yr. Lakshmi Puja, or worship of Goddess Lakshmi, is a significant ritual noticed on at the present time.
Fourth day of Diwali: Pratipada (the day after the New Moon)
Today is well known in numerous names – Govardhan Puja/Annakut, Diwali Padva or Bali Pratipada, Dyuta Krida and Gujarati New Yr and many others. The celebration Bali Pratipada symbolises God Vishnu’s conquest over the demon king Bali. Govardhan Puja or Annakut commemorates Krishna’s recommendation to the villagers of Gokul to worship Mount Govardhan and the following occasions.
Fifth day of Diwali: Dwitiya (second day after the New Moon)
The final day of Diwali is noticed as Bhai Dooj. That is the second day of the intense fortnight and is devoted to celebrating the brother-sister relationship. Historically, brothers reward their sisters, who honour them, with particular rituals and sweets. For some Hindu-Sikh craftsmen communities, that is the day for Vishwakarma Puja.
Astrological significance of Diwali 2023
The competition of Diwali falls throughout the autumn season within the northern hemisphere. It’s celebrated on the Amavasya (New Moon Day) of the Hindu lunisolar month Kartik/Kartika, which within the Gregorian calendar falls between mid-October and mid-November.
The competition of lights Diwali is exclusive in the truth that it’s celebrated on the darkest night time of the yr. The Amavasya of the Kartik/Kartika month coincides with the darkest night time within the Hindu lunisolar calendar.
The 2023 Diwali falls on Sunday, November 12. That night time witnesses the celebration of the victory of sunshine over darkness which is symbolic of the victory of information over ignorance, good over evil and purity over impurity.
Vital options of Diwali 2023 celebrations
Diwali is probably the most lovely and thrilling Indian competition. The night time of Diwali illuminates each nook and nook of the nation, and an air of happiness fills everybody’s thoughts. Individuals have a good time this competition primarily with oil lamps and sorts of fireworks. On the night time of Diwali, all homes, temples, streets, retailers and workplaces are illuminated with a group of oil lamps. Adorning flooring with Rangoli, making ready sweets, shopping for new garments, organising get-togethers and festivals and many others., are additionally components of Diwali celebrations. All these illuminations and merrymakings signify the victory of divine forces over the depraved.
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The beliefs/legends behind Diwali
The competition of Diwali falls on the autumn harvest time and is related to quite a lot of Hindu deities and traditions. These variations in custom might be attributed to the assorted native autumn harvest traditions mixed into one pan-Indian competition with a standard significance. The myths and legends behind this competition differ with numerous areas throughout India, but all share the frequent religious significance ‘data/good wins over ignorance/evil’.
The commonest legend behind Diwali is related to the epic Ramayana. It’s believed that Diwali is the day on which Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman reached Ayodhya after their exile and the victory over Ravana.
Diwali can also be an event to worship Goddess Lakshmi –the deity of wealth and affluence. There are some myths connecting Goddess Lakshmi to Diwali. Some folks think about it a celebration of her beginning from the Samudra Manthan (churning of the cosmic ocean of milk), whereas some others consider it because the day of the wedding of Lakshmi to Lord Vishnu.
As Diwali is the competition indicating the victory of excellent over evil and knowledge over ignorance, some Hindus affiliate this competition with Goddess Durga or her fierce avatar Kali and with Lord Ganesha – the elephant-headed god of knowledge and auspiciousness.
For some Hindus within the Braj area in northern India, components of Assam in japanese India, and Tamil and Telugu communities in southern India, Deepavali is the day God Krishna overcame and destroyed the demon king Narakasura. To commemorate this occasion, devotees in these areas crush a bitter fruit underfoot, which is symbolic of destroying the demon or evil. After that, they apply a mixture of ‘kumkum or vermillion and oil’ on their foreheads and take ritual oil baths.
One other delusion related to Diwali is that it’s the day on which King Bali returns from the nether world. When Vamana (the avatar of Vishnu) pushed him into the nether world, the lord gave him the lamp of information to gentle up the darkish underworld. The lord additionally gave him a blessing that he would return to his folks yearly to gentle thousands and thousands of lamps from this one lamp in order that on the darkish new moonlight of Diwali, the blinding darkness of ignorance, laziness, greed, jealousy, lust, and ego can be dispelled.
What are the importance of the Diwali celebrations?
The night time of Diwali illuminates each nook of India and creates an air of happiness and togetherness. But, the true spirit of the competition is deeper than it appears. It’s an event to kindle the sunshine of knowledge and goodness in our minds. The lamps lit on at the present time are additionally meant to speak a fantastic fact which is ‘when the darkness inside us is expelled via the sunshine of knowledge; the nice in us wins over the evil’. Each delusion related to Deepavali additionally emphasises this reality.
Diwali can also be a competition that helps to strengthen household and social relationships. Individuals organise household and social get-togethers on this event and have a good time along with love, pleasure, friendliness and unity. There’s a apply of forgetting and forgiving the previous improper deeds of others too. Diwali unites folks from each nook, faith and caste. That is an event that lets folks mingle about in pleasure and embrace each other.
Diwali celebrations refresh the minds and rejuvenate the souls. It provides the power and zeal to each particular person to make optimistic adjustments in life and to be extra moral and environment friendly. It offers goodwill for the remainder of the yr, thus promising success and prosperity.
There’s a custom of waking up throughout the Brahmamuhurta (at 4 am, or 1 1/2 hours earlier than dawn) on the day of Deepavali. This apply has nice significance from the views of well being, self-discipline, effectivity and religious development. Historical Indian sages might need instituted such customs to let their descendants realise the advantages.
Thus, all of the Diwali customs have some greater functions. Even the lighting of lamps and fireworks has scientific causes. Diwali falls on a interval after the monsoon. The fumes produced by the lamps and fireworks will assist in repelling the bugs, together with mosquitoes which might in any other case are available in loads at the moment.
The lights of Diwali ought to illuminate our inside selves. With each lamp we gentle, we should always kindle the nice qualities in us and refine ourselves, destroying all of the darkish ideas.