Within the Nineteen Eighties, to include the event of Japan’s semiconductor trade, the USA launched the “301” investigation, constructed bargaining energy in bilateral negotiations by way of multilateral agreements, threatened to label Japan as conducting unfair commerce, and imposed retaliatory tariffs, forcing Japan to signal the U.S.-Japan Semiconductor Settlement. In consequence, Japanese semiconductor enterprises had been virtually utterly pushed out of worldwide competitors, and their market share dropped from 50 % to 10 %. In the meantime, with the help of the U.S. authorities, numerous U.S. semiconductor enterprises took the chance and grabbed bigger market share.
◆ The USA politicizes, weaponizes technological points and makes use of them as ideological instruments. Overstretching the idea of nationwide safety, the USA mobilized state energy to suppress and sanction Chinese language firm Huawei, restricted the entry of Huawei merchandise into the U.S. market, minimize off its provide of chips and working techniques, and coerced different international locations to ban Huawei from endeavor native 5G community building. It even talked Canada into unwarrantedly detaining Huawei’s CFO Meng Wanzhou for almost three years.
The USA has fabricated a slew of excuses to clamp down on China’s high-tech enterprises with world competitiveness, and has put greater than 1,000 Chinese language enterprises on sanction lists. As well as, the USA has additionally imposed controls on biotechnology, synthetic intelligence and different high-end applied sciences, strengthened export restrictions, tightened funding screening, suppressed Chinese language social media apps reminiscent of TikTok and WeChat, and lobbied the Netherlands and Japan to limit exports of chips and associated tools or know-how to China.
The USA has additionally practiced double requirements in its coverage on China-related technological professionals. To sideline and suppress Chinese language researchers, since June 2018, visa validity has been shortened for Chinese language college students majoring in sure high-tech-related disciplines, repeated circumstances have occurred the place Chinese language students and college students going to the USA for trade packages and research had been unjustifiably denied and harassed, and large-scale investigation on Chinese language students working in the USA was carried out.
◆ The USA solidifies its technological monopoly within the title of defending democracy. By constructing small blocs on know-how such because the “chips alliance” and “clear community,” the USA has put “democracy” and “human rights” labels on high-technology, and turned technological points into political and ideological points, in order to manufacture excuses for its technological blockade in opposition to different international locations. In Might 2019, the USA enlisted 32 international locations to the Prague 5G Safety Convention within the Czech Republic and issued the Prague Proposal in an try to exclude China’s 5G merchandise. In April 2020, then U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo introduced the “5G clear path,” a plan designed to construct technological alliance within the 5G subject with companions bonded by their shared ideology on democracy and the necessity to defend “cyber safety.” The measures, in essence, are the U.S. makes an attempt to take care of its technological hegemony by way of technological alliances.
◆ The USA abuses its technological hegemony by finishing up cyber assaults and eavesdropping. The USA has lengthy been infamous as an “empire of hackers,” blamed for its rampant acts of cyber theft world wide. It has all types of means to implement pervasive cyber assaults and surveillance, together with utilizing analog base station indicators to entry cellphones for information theft, manipulating cell apps, infiltrating cloud servers, and stealing by way of undersea cables. The record goes on.
U.S. surveillance is indiscriminate. All could be targets of its surveillance, be they rivals or allies, even leaders of allied international locations reminiscent of former German Chancellor Angela Merkel and a number of other French Presidents. Cyber surveillance and assaults launched by the USA reminiscent of “Prism,” “Dirtbox,” “Irritant Horn” and “Telescreen Operation” are all proof that the USA is carefully monitoring its allies and companions. Such eavesdropping on allies and companions has already induced worldwide outrage. Julian Assange, the founding father of Wikileaks, an internet site that has uncovered U.S. surveillance packages, mentioned that “don’t anticipate a world surveillance superpower to behave with honor or respect. There is just one rule: there aren’t any guidelines.”